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tv   News  Al Jazeera  May 10, 2014 3:00am-3:31am EDT

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successfully, congresshas got t. >> safety or education - nigerian parents take their kids out of school, after a prior warning of a mass kidnapping, to the authorities. >> hello, woum. you're watching al jazeera, live from doha. oum steven cole. coming up, a chance for peace - government and rebels sign a peace agreement in south sudan. going to homs - residents get access to the old part of the city after years of fighting why asylum seekers in
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indonesia are giving themselves up to detention centres. first, the nigerian military denied it was warned about the kidnapping of hundreds of school girls by boko haram. a military spokesman said it has to be categorically stated: >> the kidnapping of school girls a month as soon as has affected nigeria's education system. nowhere is it more apparent than in borno, where some are pulling their children out of schools. boko haram opposes western education and wants schools shut down. we have this report. >> reporter: a mother of four
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lost her husband to boko haram a few years ago. she dreamt of her children becoming doctors and lawyers. but boko haram attention in schools forced her to change her mind. >> i really wanted them to go to conventional schools, but abduction made me rethink. i pulled them out and put them in a koranic school. they'll be safe. it's painful what the chibok mothers are going through. >> her youngest daughter said it was a painful decision for them. >> translation: i feel sad when i see my mates going school, and i am not. to be honest, i am afraid of what is happening in schools. >> the story echoed through the region, sending girls to school is proving to be a struggle. evidence that boko haram's affects and attacks affected enrolments. dozens of schools have been destroyed and academic
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activities disrupted. >> reporter: schools like this in the state are closed, except for students taking final exams. they were shut two months ago after boko haram stepped up its attacks op schools. some parents say the action was wrong, and giving in to boko haram's threats will have serious consequences. >> they want people to remain illiterates. they want people to go back to the old days, and have society as animals. they don't want anyone to go to school, particularly women. we cannot train our children or daughters to become billion airs, doctors, or whatever. it means our society is doomed. >> despite government promises to secure schools, the attacks and killings continue with an impact on school enrolment and numbers. more than 10.5 million children are out of nigeria's education
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system, and the increasing number of attacks on schools, especially in the north, means parents face a tough choice. child safety or education. south sudan president salva kiir and rebel leader riek machar signed a ceasefire agreement. they say a transitional government offers the level chaps of peace after -- chance of peace after five months of war. we have this report from rei ye , where the -- either , where the deal -- ethiopia where the deal was signed. it was the first time they met. after day of talks and mediation from the international community, they reached on agreement. and the deal that two men will issue orders for troops to end and allow humanitarian aid in. a permanent accuracy fire will
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be worked op before negotiations on a government of national unity. >> it's a ceasefire for this agreement, sending the signal. this conflict must be ended peacefully. >> president salva kiir did not leave room for doubt on who is in charge. >> i'm the president of south sudan. in that position as the president, the leader of that country the body language of the two men had observers worried. there were no handshakes, smiles, reaching out to each other, forcing the yooeth openian leader to issue this warning. >> make no mistake, that the region and international
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community will not sit ideally by while killings go on. >> if it folds, it's an agreement that could ease the hardship that the people of south sudan could face. it's the fears of a looming humanitarian crisis that led to the international community to pile pressure on the leadership in the south sudan conflict, to come to an agreement. the conflict left thousands dead and one million homeless in many parts of the world's newest state. the u.n. accused both sides of crimes against humanity, including mass killings and gun fire. it's hoped that the violence will end, that has engulfed the nation. in the thai capital, bangkok, demonstrations are getting under way.
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supporters of yingluck shinawatra are rallying this her support. anti-government protesters are calling for resignation of the interim government. final preparations are underway in donetsk before a referendum on its independence on ukraine. the vote is considered illegal both by the ukranian government, and several western count res. it's due to take place on sunday n the cities, and towns controlled by separatists in luhansk and donetsk. organizers say they have spend over 1,000 euros on materials. campaigning in the world's biggest election is coming to an end. it's been an aggressive election in india. b.j.p. leads in many exit polls. it's too early to ta whether it will win 232 seats required to
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form the next government. the prime ministerial candidate narendra modi is running. we are there. >> reporter: the holy city is marking the final day of campaigning in india's marathon 5-week long elections. it's been a mammoth process, the largest democratic exercise on the planet. 814 eligible voters expected to take part. more than double the population of the united states. a pletedera of plit -- plethora of political parties are vying for votes. the opposition b.j.p.'s campaign is led by narenda modi, who is expected to get the most number of seats in india's lower house, and expected to then form coalition deals and form india's future government. the results will not be known until may 16th, of course. the other political party that
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are vying for votes are the congress party which is leading a coalition government. they are facing a massive anti-encumbrancy waive because of the poo -- wave because of a poor performance and corruption scandals. there is a dark horse - the common man party, emerging in the last few years. it is led by a former bureaucrat in the indian government. he's been riding on a wave of anticorruption sentiment. one more phase of voting is expected to take place on monday, and as i said, results will not be known until may 16th. >> south africa's ruling african national congress ran the election with 62% of votes, less than the last election and less than the two-thirds that jacob zuma wanted. the a.n.c. dominated politics since the end of apartheid in
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1994. the provisional results show the democratic alliance took 22%. hundreds of syrians have gone back to the old city of homs after three years of fighting. most dubbed the capital of the revolution is in ruins. homs is under government control after the last opposition fighters left as part of an agreement. many had a long-awaited reunion with their families. >> reporter: tears of joy and cries of victory. rebels that held homs meet their mothers. the fighters were bussed to rebel-held areas in the countryside of homs. it took months to net the deal between the reb -- negotiate the deal between the rebels and the army. three years of fighting - tens of thousands fleeing the war. the syrian army is being
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redeployed in the city. in aleppo rebels allowed trucks with relief supplies to reach two localities. the surrender was added to the list of victories in its war with rebel forces. it's seen as a tactical retreat. they take pride in the fact that they were able to leave with the weapons. either the rebels know the government consider this a peace deal or a truce. fighting in many parts of syria continues. >> to egypt, where three al jazeera english journalists have been held in a prison for 133 days. peter greste, mohamed fadel fahmy and baher mohamed are accused of conspiring with the outlawed muslim brotherhood. the group has been declared a terrorist organization by egypt. and our colleague from al jazeera arabic has been on
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hunger strike for 110 days. al jazeera rejects the charms and demands their release. >> the tech giant apple is close to sealing an acquisition. acquiring a brand making head phones and founded by hip hop star dr dread and music producer jimmy irvine. it could be worth up to $3.2 billion. still to come on the programme - on the hunt for mexico's most wanted man, anexclusive report on the knights templar. >> sarajevo's hall opened after three years, after it was destroyed.
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welcome back. a reminder of the top stories now in al jazeera. the nigerian military denied it had advance warning that the kidnapping of hundreds of school girls by the jihadist group boko haram last month. two politicians from borno state told al jazeera security forces were warned an hour and 45 minutes before the attack, but didn't take action. south sudan president salva kiir and rebel leader riek machar signed a ceasefire agreement, saying a transitional government offers the level chance of peace after five months of war, leaving five dead and a million homeless. hundreds of syrians have gone back to homs n the old
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city -- in the old city after three years of fighting. most of the city is in ruins, and under government control after the last opposition fighters left, as part of app agreement. vigilantes fighting drug cartels in mexico's western state are being asked to disarm. authorities want them to join a new official police force to capture the last leader of the so-called knights templar, who are still at large. al jazeera has been given rare access to the hunt for the most wanted man. raadam raney reports now from t mountains. >> reporter: hours before dawn vigilantes load up and fuel up. one of the last on the hunt for the most wanted man in mexico. the 18-hour journey takes us from the foothills into the rugged hearts of the knights templar territory, a cartel on the run, or hiding out in
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the months since vigilantes and police worked together. the first sign of trouble - radio chatter from cartel look outs. the foot soldiers, some barely 18, are sure they've been spotted. their leader says despite the danger, they must keep up the fight. >> translation: we don't want the knights templar to regroup. if they do, they'll put children in slavery. >> at a one-time camp for the cartel the leader meets the top authority. the police rely on the vigilantes knowledge of the terrain. at each stop the trail is going cold, a sign that the pray is ahead of them. their search is anything but stealthy. towards the end of the day, it's a telling moment. they come up on another group of
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vigilantes and suspect them of being member in disguise. such are common, hard to prove. no shot was fired. they diffuse the crisis and want to make clear who is in charge. >> if any of you search houses i'll [ bleep ] you up, and if you to do others, i'll [ bleep ] you too. >> radio chatter. they hear talk about their position. they see trucks speeding into the night. a dangerous moment as they head to the camp. do they proceed or wait to avoid an ambush. ultimately, 20 minutes down the road, they have one choice - head home. we've just made it back to the police camp at the bottom of the valley. there's more than 70 armed police officers and dozens of
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vigilantes. they say they feel safe now. >> safe, perhaps, but without their man. some asylum seekers in indonesia are so desperate for a safe refuge they are voluntarily giving themselves up to detention areas. there are around 10,000 asylum seekers all over the world stuck in the country unable to get to a final destination, which is australia. we have this report. >> reporter: they were looking for safety, but instead they found long-term detention. men, women and children escaping violence in syria, pakistan and myanmar - stuck in indonesia. the australian government tightened its refugee policy and refused to accept asylum seekers that arrived by boat. something that violates the convention for refugees. australia insists it is saving
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lives. >> we at unscr has a disagreement with australia. we believe if people enter the territorial waters or land in territory waters of australia of its 1951 signature and protocol they have a responsibility for disembarkation and allowance into the asylum process. indonesia is struggling. detention centres have reached their capacity. asylum seekers are allowed to live in communities. many are so desperate they ask to be put in detention, including people like this, who left the violence in afghanistan, but feels threatened in indonesia. >> translation: i decided to go to the detention center. my money has come out, and because of the abuse before by people here. they kill us, and when i walk on
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the street they throw stone at us. i'm not feeling safe here. >> these people are desperate. most of the asylum seekers are in indonesia with no way forward and no way back. some of them are willing to be locked up behind bars. since indonesia has not signed a convention, many are immigrants. many are locked up. thousands have no space. this man said immigration officials rejected him. >> translation: we went to the detention center to ask for help. without question they beat us and threw us outside. we tried later. they beat us again. >> the immigration denied the beatings, but admits because of overcrowding fight occur
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regularly. this is difficult. we don't have enough capacity to take them all and we can't reject or deport them. we hope the unhcr will fix the process. >> asylum seekers are often stuck in indonesia for more than two or three years before applications are processed. the indonesian minister called australia refugee policy a failure, because it has not stopped them making the trip to australia, and australia is acting as if it can move the problem to its neighbour. let's get more fro max lane in jakarta, at the victoria yn university. this is a huge problem. have you an underprepared indonesia and an unwilling recipient in australia.
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how do you solve that? >> i think the only solution is going be increased pressure from the australian public to force the australian government change its policy, especially now its policy is more and more entering into an area of criminality. it's interesting to note that an australian senator, a couple of days ago, asked the australian police to investigate whether what the australian government is doing is breaking australian criminal law. >> that's what i wanted to know. legally, does the australian government have the responsibility to accept asylum seekers or refugees? >> certainly - yes, certainly. under international law, everybody - you know, all the citizens of the world have the right to apply for asylum seekers when they enter a country. everybody coming from indonesia
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by boat into australian waters, should legally have the right to apply for asylum seekers. but, of course, the new australian government has - is enforcing two policies, which are harder than before. one is denying asylum seekers - the right of asylum seekers to anyone at all who comes to australia by boat. and the other is the cruel, dangerous and probably criminal of towing boats or arresting people on the high sees, and putting them in an australian purchased life boat and setting them off, heading them off in the direction of intond eeshia again. >> what is the thinking behind that, to send a message not come to boat to australia? >> no doubt that's part of the message. i think the real message is aimed at the public. the main issue is the parties
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using the xenophobic sentiment for domestic political purchases. the numbers coming to australia by boat, compared to the refugee intake which the australian government set is small. there's no difficulty for australia and processing the people coming by boat. it's more aimed at domestic politics. it would be cheaper to help the united nations in jakarta to process the people more quickly so they could fly down to australia safely. why is it - you say the numbers are not great. why do they want to come to australia. is australia the only alternative? >> in the region, in the asian region, australia is a large,
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wealthy country that can easily take more immigrants, more refugees, and easily more in particular. i think it's not surprising that we get people coming down from troubled areas where there's war or economic chaos, wanting to come to australia. the numbers are small compared to the rev ge flow in europe or south america and so on. we are talking over a number of years. i think the australian government policy is more motivated by domestic politics. there's more refugees coming to australia by plane and boat, and nobody makes an issue of the refugees coming by plane. >> max lane a lecture our in
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indonesian politics. a territorial dispute over the south china sea is expected to overshadow a summit in mean war. >> tension between china and vietnam increased since beijing announced it would move a drilling rig into contested waters. in venezuela 16 anti-government protesters have been released. they were among a total of 243 who have been arrested on thursday when hundreds of police raided a total of four protest camps in caracas. >> the director of an ngo says lawyers and human rights groups haven't been alawed access to the if as -- allowed access to where they are held. families are frustrated by a lack of information. >> translation: they have not let us see them. they tell us they are okay. they don't give us information.
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>> chicago has a new tourist attraction offering a new view of the skyline. it's called the tilt. an observe deck allowing people a downward acknowledgele view of what's known as the windy -- angle view of the windy city, from the john hancock city. they look out a window 304 metres above the ground. it was one of the lasting images of the bosnia war, sarajevo's sitting wall in flames. the landmark building has risen from the ashes. we have this report. this man remembers the night when he and firefighters received word that the city hall was alike. the landmark building had turned into a firewallaby the time they came. >> translation: it was difficult and painful. it was late at night.
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we couldn't see anything. we entered the building through the front door. the roof was in flames. the supporting pillars were about to collapse. >> bosnia serb forces bombed the hall. white tosserous bombs were believed to have been used. it was nearly impossible to extinguish the flames with water. >> translation: one thing that i still remember was a woman that lived across the hall. she was crying. i walked up to her and asked why she was so sad. she said "part of sarajevo is burning, part of me is burning", it was difficult for me. >> it housed the city's librariway rich collection -- with library with a rich collection of books and manu scripts. many turned to ashes. >> translation: it was one of the biggest losses to bosnia's cultural awareness. >> the communist government turned it into a library.
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it was a favourite haunt of university students until the war broke out. the famed city hall is once again opening its doors to the public. >> that is our website. that's the home page on >> it's been widely reported that apple home of itones is preparing to buy beats electronics for $3 billion. why would the company who revolutionized the music industry with the $0.99 download buy